Energy utilities rely on many energy resources to fuel their electricity production and meet the demands of their customers. Depending on the energy source used, there could also be a significant amount of water used in energy generation. When electric utility customers save energy or water, they are also contributing to a significant amount of energy savings all the way to the power generation plant. The principal areas of water energy relationship are: 1) Water used in energy generation; 2) Water losses (leaks) through water production and distribution systems, and; 3) Water losses through inefficient use.
Based on many water energy nexus studies performed by Lincus, there is typically no coordination between water conservation and energy efficiency. Our comprehensive approach to the water energy nexus at the state and water utility or electric utility level includes system and behavioral improvements that can result in sustainable use of water and energy resources.